Search for Team GB runner missing in Perthshire Hills

Police and mountain rescue teams are searching for a missing Team GB fell runner in Perthshire.

Chris Smith, 43, set off for a run from Invervar near Aberfeldy at about 15:00 on Tuesday.

He planned to run Meall nan Aighean, Carn Mairg, Meall Garbh and Carn Gorm before returning at 17:00.

His family described him as “an experienced mountain runner” but said “he may have become disorientated and ended up further afield”.

Mr Smith was on holiday with his wife and sons in Perthshire.

Originally from Daviot in Aberdeenshire, he now lives in Haywards Heath, Sussex where he is a member of Thames Valley Harriers.

He has represented Great Britain in international mountain running competitions and in 2016 helped Team GB win bronze in the European Mountain Running Championships in Italy.

His sister-in-law, Elaine Smith, told BBC Scotland: “I want to express the family’s sincere thanks for the support we’ve received and for the efforts of all of the services and teams involved in the rescue.

“They’re working so hard and we really appreciate it.

“Chris is still missing contrary to some misinformation online,” she said.

Mr Smith’s cousin, Ruth McKee, posted on social media to spread awareness of his disappearance.

Police Scotland said officers and mountain rescue teams were carrying out the search with assistance from the coastguard helicopter.

Bobby Ball: Cannon & Ball star dies aged 76 after Covid-19 diagnosis

Bobby Ball, one half of the comedy double act Cannon and Ball, has died at the age of 76, his manager has confirmed.

His death comes after the actor and comedian tested positive for Covid-19.

Ball was one half of the comedy duo alongside his long-time friend and colleague Tommy Cannon.

He also starred in several sitcoms including Not Going Out, Last of the Summer Wine, Benidorm and Heartbeat.

Leading the tributes, Cannon said: “Rock on, my good friend, I can’t believe this, I’m devastated.”

His wife Yvonne added: “I will always miss him, he was so joyful, full of fun and mischievous.”

Ball’s manager Phil Dale announced “with great personal sadness” that the comedy actor died at Blackpool Victoria Hospital on Wednesday evening.

He said Ball was admitted for tests due to breathing problems.

“At first it was thought to be a chest infection but a test proved positive for Covid-19,” he said in a statement.

“His wife Yvonne said the hospital and staff could not have been more wonderful, as they were outstanding in their care of duty and they did everything possible for him and she cannot praise them enough.

“She said that the family and Tommy would like to express their sincere thanks to the many, many people who have been fans of Bobby and they know that they will all share in part the great loss and total sadness that Yvonne, the family and Tommy all feel.”

He added that Ball’s wife stressed their need for privacy at this time “has to be a priority” and no further announcements or statements will be made.

Cannon and Ball – whose real names are Thomas Derbyshire and Robert Harper – started out as comics on the cabaret circuit in the north of England.

Ball was famous for twanging his braces on stage, while saying: “Rock on, Tommy.”

The pair later landed their own TV show, which lasted 11 series.

In 1982, the duo made a police comedy film entitled The Boys In Blue.

Cannon and Ball appeared together on I’m A Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here! in 2005, and was the sixth person to be voted out.

In his later years, Ball acted in several sitcoms, including Mount Pleasant and The Cockfields.

Awkward allies? The pitfalls of UKs Gulf Arab relations

Allegations that have emerged this month made by a British woman who claims she was sexually assaulted by a senior member of the United Arab Emirate’s ruling family are shocking.

Caitlin McNamara, 32, told the Sunday Times how she was allegedly sexually assaulted in a secluded palace by the UAE’s 69-year-old Minister of Tolerance, while curating the Hay literature festival in Abu Dhabi in February.

The minister, Sheikh Nahyan Al-Nahyan, who denies the allegations, is a senior member of the Abu Dhabi royal family and has property in the UK worth millions of pounds.

Ms McNamara has returned to the UK and in July she gave the Metropolitan Police a detailed description of the alleged sexual assault.

A formal investigation has yet to be opened, for several reasons. The alleged incident took place outside the Met’s area of jurisdiction, there is no police report of it in the UAE and, as a member of the ruling family, the individual accused is likely to have sovereign immunity from prosecution.

Discussing the case on BBC Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour programme, Baroness Helena Kennedy QC, acting for Ms McNamara, said she would like to see the UK government pressing the UAE for redress but admitted it would be difficult in legal terms.

Hay festival has expressed outrage and says it will not be returning to Abu Dhabi while the Sheikh in question remains in his post.

But there has been little response from the UAE side, other than for the Sheikh’s lawyers to issue the denial and to express disappointment at the allegations and the way they have been aired publicly.

Sheikh Nahyan, who has been a member of the UAE government since 1992 and is a familiar and largely respected figure in his own country, has not been suspended from his post.

The case is the latest and one of the most disturbing in a succession of incidents that occasionally bedevil the UK’s close relations with its Gulf Arab allies.

These go right back to 1980 and the diplomatic storm triggered by the ITV drama-documentary ‘Death of a Princess’ about the public execution of a Saudi princess and her lover who was beheaded.

The film cost British businesses an estimated £250m in lost contracts. Today it is largely forgotten, but women’s rights in Saudi Arabia, while slowly improving, still fall way short of standards acceptable in the rest of the world.

Then in 1984 the outgoing British Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Sir James Craig, wrote what should have been a confidential valedictory cable to his boss in Whitehall, in which he accused his Saudi hosts of being ‘incompetent, insular and ignorant of the world around them’.

Much to the embarrassment of the Foreign Office, the cable was leaked and went public.

In 2018 relations between the UK and the UAE went through a rocky period after the arrest in Dubai of Matthew Hedges, a British PhD student.

Hedges was researching a thesis on post-Arab Spring security but Emirati officials said they found incriminating evidence on his laptop proving he was a spy, which he denied.

Hedges was detained for months before being pardoned, during which time he said he was subjected to ‘psychological torture’ in solitary confinement.

To this day, the Emiratis believe he was a spy and Britain says he wasn’t.

Then shortly before Covid-19 erupted onto the world stage, there was the high-profile case in London’s High Court involving Sheikh Mohammed Al-Maktoum, the ruler of Dubai, and his former wife, Princess Haya of Jordan.

Despite the Sheikh’s best efforts to stop the publication of her damning allegations the judge ruled against him.

The world then learnt how the (then) 70-year-old, a giant figure in the horseracing world and often pictured with The Queen at Ascot, had abducted and incarcerated his own daughters when they had tried to leave the family.

The judge also ruled Sheikh Mohammed ‘had conducted a campaign of fear and intimidation’ against his former wife, who fled to Britain last year with her children saying she was in fear of her life.

The story briefly sent a shudder through the racing world amid calls from some quarters to sever links with the Sheikh.

Of all Britain’s relations with the six Gulf Arab nations, Saudi Arabia is the most controversial. Its opaque, draconian and much-criticised justice system has produced countless cases of human rights abuses, well-documented by groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

However Saudi Arabia is seen by Whitehall strategists as a vital bulwark against Iran’s aggressive expansion across the region.

It also provides jobs for thousands of Britons, especially in the defence industry.

But aerial bombing raids by the Royal Saudi Air Force in the Yemen war – at times using aircraft and munitions sold by Britain – have contributed heavily towards the UN classifying the conflict as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Perhaps the incident that most shocked the world was the murder of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi inside the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul in October 2018.

His body was dismembered and never found. Western intelligence agencies concluded that in all likelihood Saudi Arabia’s powerful Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman was complicit, something he has denied.

In July Britain sanctioned 20 Saudi officials for their role in Khashoggi’s murder but relations with Riyadh have continued largely uninterrupted.

Several factors combine to ensure that, barring a complete change of policy in London, relations with the Gulf Arab states are likely to grow closer still.

In an unstable Middle East where ISIS and Iran are still seen as strategic threats, the Gulf monarchies are viewed as necessary allies.

RAF jets regularly fly into and out of bases up and down the Gulf and Britain now has a permanent naval base in Bahrain – HMS Juffair.

A joint squadron of Typhoons has been set up with Qatar and increasing use is being made of facilities provided by Oman.

And of course the Gulf states are astronomically rich, thanks to their oil and gas reserves.

Collectively, they form the UK’s third biggest trade partnership outside the EU, investing billions of pounds into the UK economy and in a recent interview with the UAE newspaper The National, Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke of the region’s importance to Britain.

Two things are certain here. There will be more incidents to come and the PR consultancies hired by Gulf governments look set to stay in business for many years to come.

Covid: Scrap GCSE and A level exams for 2021, says panel

All exams in Wales should be scrapped in favour of assessments next summer after disruption caused by the coronavirus pandemic, a panel has said.

The independent review set up by the Welsh Government said any form of exams in 2021 would be unfair.

Exam regulator Qualifications Wales also said GCSE exams should be scrapped but some A-level papers should remain.

Education Minister Kirsty Williams said she would consider both recommendations and announce a decision on 10 November.

The Welsh Conservatives have welcomed Qualifications Wales’ advice, but have raised concerns about the conflicting recommendations by both Qualifications Wales and the panel.

Plaid Cymru has welcomed the review panel’s suggestions that all exams in 2021 should be scrapped.

Pupils have lost months of learning due to school shutdowns in the last academic year.

In August, an algorithm was applied to A-level grades to “standardise” them, leading to an uproar when 42% were moderated grades lower than teacher assessments.

It led to pupils sitting GCSE, A-level, AS-levels and Welsh Baccalaureate receiving the highest grade, whether that was their teacher’s prediction or the standardised grades.

Publishing its interim report, the independent panel’s chair Louise Casella, director of the Open University in Wales, recommended all qualifications in 2021 be awarded “on the basis of robust and moderated assessment undertaken in schools and colleges”.

She said: “Reflections on the lessons of summer 2020 will be available in December.”

But under the Qualifications Wales proposal, grades for GCSEs and AS-Levels would be awarded on the basis of coursework and a set of common assessments taken during the year.

It said A-level students should sit one exam paper per subject in addition to coursework and set tasks.

Speaking to Claire Summers on BBC Radio Wales, Ms Casella said students had “lost quite a lot of learning since March 2020”.

She added: “Despite great efforts made by schools and colleges, the experiences of those learners is quite uneven in terms of what’s happened – that depends on where they live, family circumstances, digital access, all sorts of circumstances come into play in this.

“And we, as a panel, cannot see how a fair exam series can be run at any level in 2021.”

Sian Williams, an A-level student from Llangollen, Denbighshire, said she backed the independent panel’s recommendations to scrap both GCSE and A-level exams.

She said: “We’re not just facing the same issues last year’s Year 13s faced, we’re dealing with the compounding effects of Covid-19…

“We’ve missed out on six months plus of learning now…

“It would be extremely unfair to ask any A-level student to sit exams.”

Ms Williams said she would now consider both pieces of advice.

Che Lingo: Meet the rapper signed by Idris Elba

“I’ve gone from playing youth clubs, not knowing what I’m doing, to having a conversation with Idris Elba about an album,” says rising rapper Che Lingo, still slightly taken aback at his good fortune.

“It was wild, but I maintained my composure. I think I’m quite good at that.”

The south Londoner only became a full-time musician three years ago, but he’s already established himself as one of the UK’s most versatile MCs, equally at home on a hard-hitting grime track as on a sultry R&B jam.

His star began to rise with the release of 2018’s Charisma EP, whose lyrics explored themes of self-doubt and depression, millennial love and the tough choices facing young people on London’s deprived estates.

It was when one of those songs – Same Energy – was selected for the soundtrack of the Netflix drama Top Boy, that Elba came knocking.

Che, who keeps his real name a secret, signed to the Luther star’s record label in February this year. His first single under the deal, My Block, unexpectedly ended up soundtracking Black Lives Matter protests in London this summer. Some protesters even wore T-shirts bearing one of its lyrics, “black don’t mean illegal”.

“I’m still kind of trying to catch up to that feeling,” says the 28-year-old, months after the event.

The song was originally written about one of his friends, Julian Cole, a sports science student and semi-professional footballer who was left paralysed and brain damaged after being arrested outside a nightclub in Bedford in 2013.

Rather than being taken to hospital, Cole was driven to a police station. Only after police officers noticed he was unresponsive in the van was an ambulance called.

Three police officers were later sacked over the tragedy, after they were found to have lied in statements about Cole’s condition when he was restrained.

“Bro, how can you call that justice?” asks Che in My Block. From his perspective, the misconduct ruling is too lenient – a technicality that doesn’t reflect the impact on Mr Cole, who has yet to receive compensation for his injuries.

“Somebody’s neck was broken. You’re supposed to go to prison for that,” says the rapper. “The majority of us know people who have gone to prison for a lot less.”

Bedfordshire Police have always maintained that there is no evidence the officers were to blame for Mr Cole’s injuries. No prosecutions were brought with two reviews concluding that the test to prosecute was not met.

But Che remains concerned about police brutality and believes that it goes unpunished in the UK as often as in the US, where the deaths of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor sparked the global Black Lives Matter protests earlier this year.

“In English culture there’s a lot of etiquette and politeness. So when you when you bring vulgar things into that prim and properness, people have been turning their eyes for so long that, come now, it doesn’t even feel like it’s a problem.

“But it does happen here. It does. And people don’t get the justice they deserve.”

Che stresses that his music isn’t deliberately political. Instead, he writes from a place of emotion – whether he’s talking about his upbringing, his relationships or the expectations placed on his generation.

The rapper was raised by his maternal grandmother on Wandsworth’s Surrey Lane Estate, after his mother and father split up.

Growing up as a child of a broken home, “it was hard to find a foundation in family values,” he says, describing himself as “a misfit” who suffered “a lot of identity crises” over his appearance and his weight,

There was also a tension between home life – where his Jamaican grandmother instilled him with strict morals and a strong work ethic – and the drug dealing and violence he witnessed outside his front door.

“The community was good, but it wasn’t a good place,” he has said. “Sometimes you couldn’t walk through the estate.”

“There was a lot of things going on around me that I wasn’t a part of – and looking back I’m happy that I wasn’t a part of,” he reflects.

His grandmother did her best to protect him from deleterious influences with strict curfews and extra lessons after school. But she also introduced him to reggae and R&B, as a counterpoint to the first wave of grime he was devouring on Tim Westwood’s radio show.

“So you’ve got three very passionate, politically-driven, emotionally intelligent forms of music – and that’s what I liked.”

Music was something he could latch onto to define his character and bolster his confidence. He started rapping in the playground and, in his teens, became “a hobbit in the youth clubs,” so he could learn the basics of recording.

His first efforts were elementary at best, but with the encouragement of a youth club mentor known as “Sugar Ray”, the youngster started to hone his skills.

“There’s two sides to what made me a rapper,” he says. “One was how articulate and clever can I be with the lyric. So, similar to a boy with a football, it’s like what tricks can I do to impress the olders? And then the other side of it was, what am I doing in my real life that can relate to the music?”

He released his first EP, Trillingo, in 2012, with the stand-out track Level Up providing a showcase for his easy-going cadence and lyrical dexterity.

“I didn’t really know what I was doing, but I knew what I wanted it to look like,” he laughs when reminded of the early release,

“I saw myself as somebody with ability, do you know what I mean? And finding out how to cultivate that ability is one whole part of life for me.”

Over the next few years, he studied production skills and improved his flow; shuttling between three different youth clubs to maximise his studio time.

At the age of 15, he moved in with his mother and two step-siblings in Harrow, adding a new layer of complication to his life.

“Suddenly I had to assume a lot of new roles – big brother, little kid – and at the same time, I was still travelling back to south [London] to use the studios.

“Obviously, to do that I had to have money – so I had about 10 part-time jobs. My day would consist of going to work in the morning, going to college in the evening, going to the studio in the night, then getting back home at stupid o’clock in the morning.”

By 2016, he’d signed a management contract and a publishing deal with Concord – which looks after the likes of Daft Punk, Mark Ronson and MIA.

“I paid my rent down for a year, I helped my family get away to Jamaica to see my great-grandma, and then I gave them money to fix the house in Jamaica as well,” he says.

With the money left over, he built a home studio and started working on his breakthrough EP, Charisma.

The opening track, Freedom Is Scary, laid bare the excitement and fear that accompanied his transition into being a full-time musician.

“I’m taking a risk, leap of faith,” he rapped. “It’s frightening going after what you want in life.”

His next release was a more introspective collection – the aptly-titled Sensitive EP – which he described as “a guide through my dating experiences of 2018”.

But it was Same Energy – a sly, funny track that called out the producers and artists who’d ignored him at the start of his career, only to DM him begging for a hook-up when his star began to rise – that caught the attention of Idris Elba’s label 7Wallace.

“Fast forward a couple of months later, and Idris is on the phone calling me a genius and saying his son listens to me.

“I’m like, ‘You’re Idris Elba, bro! This is mad that you’re talking to me, just casually, about how sick you think I am.'”

With the record deal signed, Che got to work on his debut album – The Worst Generation – which was released last week.

Sharp and incisive, it dissects the lessons he’s learned over the years, from the autobiographical opening track, South, to the social commentary of Black Ones, which talks about the “suffocating” pressure of his neighbourhood.

“It’s a day in the life of somebody who’s perceived to be a road man. He’s just the youth that made some bad decisions as a kid. Now he’s grown up, he doesn’t want anything to do with that lifestyle, but he can’t escape it because things are still following him,” he says.

The rest of the album discusses everything from masculinity and vulnerability to the healing power of love. On one song, he jokingly calls himself “the woke rapper” – but the unifying theme is genuinely a “cry for change and understanding”.

The record is delivered “from the point of view of a young black kid that wasn’t a bad boy or a road man or nothing,” he says.

“So it’s from that perspective as opposed to always being from what people perceive to be the ‘worst of a generation’. I love who I grew up with, regardless of what happened in their lives and what hard decisions they had to make.

“It’s coming from a very sentimental place. I just want better for us – and I want us to understand each other in a different way.”

Crawley stabbing: Girl, 14, arrested on suspicion of murder

A teenage girl has been arrested on suspicion of murdering a man found stabbed to death in the street.

Police were called to the Three Bridges area of Crawley in West Sussex at 21:00 GMT on Tuesday, where they found the 24-year-old victim.

The 14-year-old girl, from Crawley, was arrested in south London on Wednesday evening.

A 21-year-old man from London was also arrested on suspicion of assisting an offender.

Emergency services had been called to Russell Way where the victim was treated by paramedics and an air ambulance doctor before being pronounced dead.

Coronavirus: Oxygen supplies at Altnagelvin may have to be rationed

Oxygen supplies at Altnagelvin Hospital may have to be rationed if Covid-19 cases surge again, a senior manager has warned.

Sean Gibson, head of estate management at the Western Health Trust, said the hospital is using between 800 and 900 litres of oxygen a minute.

That is almost three times normal levels.

“I am concerned there isn’t enough oxygen to treat patients – that’s the biggest concern,” he told BBC News NI.

“If we experience the growth in numbers that we have, then we may not have enough oxygen to treat them.

“We may have to ration oxygen – it’s that serious.”

The hospital in Londonderry has developed a green, amber and red alert system to monitor the oxygen levels in a specially converted tank from Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.

At present the levels are between green and amber – but just last week they were edging towards red, warned Mr Gibson.

“If things continue as they are then we will be in the red very, very quickly which is a very, very serious situation,” he added.

“This plant has never seen this type of oxygen usage. It’s designed to deliver but we don’t really know until we see it happening.”

BBC News NI was invited into the hospital on Monday to highlight the pressures being caused by the pandemic on all aspects of care.

While Mr Gibson may not be a medic or wearing scrubs, he is very much on the frontline in the battle against Covid-19.

It’s a role that gives him sleepless nights.

“We have people who are really ill in this hospital, we have three wards of them” he said.

He told the BBC he felt “very responsible that I can deliver the oxygen they require to get well and take the pressure off the hospital”.

“Patients, when they come into the hospital they take for granted there will be oxygen available to them,” he said.

“Well, that’s no longer the case.

“We have to remember all the other types of patients that are here – cardiology, maternity – they all need oxygen at some stage.

“But it’s all being very focussed on our Covid patients – they can take up to 80 litres a minute – typically 50 litres a minute per patient.

“If you do the maths that’s a lot of oxygen.”

Mr Gibson said they did not want to be in a position where available oxygen levels meant teams would have to choose between patients who received it.

The worries about oxygen supplies are echoed throughout the sprawling hospital site.

On ward 26 – one of three dedicated Covid recovery units – nurse Mairead Meenan also expressed concerns.

The 51 year old from Creggan in Derry worked her way through the first wave of the pandemic but said it is now “completely different”.

“We are on our knees at work,” she said.

“People are coming in and they are so, so sick – it’s completely different from the last time, it’s scary watching them.”

She added: “On our ward at the minute we don’t have anybody who is under eight litres of oxygen.

“That is a high volume of oxygen. So all this oxygen is being used at the one time – we have to spread it out, we have to be careful. It’s just crazy.

“The oxygen is so important for the patients – they could become hypoxic where there is not enough going round their body. They are becoming so sick.

“So, we need to deliver it to them.”

On ward 21, another Covid unit set up just a few weeks ago, consultant physician Neil Black said he had never before experienced the “volume” of patients requiring oxygen treatment.

“We have not seen this volume of people at one time all coming in with similar symptoms; similar level of oxygen dependence.

“And some of those people become really critically unwell.

“Most people get better by about day seven. But the people we are most concerned about are the people who are not getting better by that stage because they could be entering what’s called a storm phase.

“At that stage their oxygen requirements become really quite high. We have had some people collapse because of low oxygen levels.

“Anyone needing oxygen like that can’t go home – they need to stay in. Some require up to 60 litres of oxygen per minute.

“A lot of people require oxygen for several days.”

The pandemic has placed many different issues on the public’s radar that otherwise would have remained hidden.

Added to the ever increasing list is oxygen, something until now we took for granted.

Rhodes parasailing accident: Two British teenagers die and one injured

Two British teenagers have been killed and another has been injured in a parasailing accident in Rhodes, Greece.

Two brothers, aged 15 and 13, and their female cousin, 15, were on holiday when a rope holding their parachute snapped, the Greek coastguard said.

The 13-year-old boy and 15-year-old girl died while the older boy is in a “serious condition with multiple injuries” in a hospital on the island.

Two people connected with the speedboat have been arrested.

The trio were being towed by a speedboat when the accident happened on Wednesday at around noon local time and are said to have been found on rocks near Lindos, on Rhodes.

Their bodies were found by members of the coastguard and the fire department who had been contacted by the person who controlled the boat, the Greek coastguard spokesman said.

“It is under investigation about how the rope was cut,” he added.

“The guy who controlled the speedboat and another person were arrested.”

A Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office spokesman said: “We are supporting the family of two British people following their death in Rhodes, and are in contact with the Greek authorities.”

Coronavirus: What are the UK travel quarantine rules?

Quarantine restrictions apply to people entering the UK from almost every country as coronavirus rates rise again.

The government is exploring ways to reduce this 14-day self-isolation period through testing.

There are currently only a handful of places that travellers from England can visit without encountering restrictions – either when they arrive at their destination, or return.

These include:

Travellers from the common travel area (CTA) – the Republic of Ireland, the Channel Islands, or the Isle of Man – are exempt from UK quarantine.

However, some parts of the CTA, including Ireland and the Isle of Man, impose restrictions on travellers entering from England.

There are separate exemption lists for Wales ,, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

A new taskforce is considering ways that people arriving in the UK may be able to end their 14-day self-isolation early, through a testing system.

Transport Minister Grant Shapps told travel association Abta that travellers may be able get tested after about a week of self-isolation or even before they arrive back to the UK.

People would have to pay for their own private tests to avoid affecting NHS capacity.

The Joint Biosecurity Centre (JBC) – set up by the government to monitor coronavirus – works with the chief medical officers of each UK nation and advises on where should be on the list.

In the past, the decision appears to have been made when 20 or more people out of every 100,000 in a country, or island, are infected over seven days, but other factors are also considered. These include:

The government in England has introduced ”regional travel” corridors, meaning it may impose separate quarantine rules to a country’s mainland that it applies to one or more of its islands.

Almost everyone entering the UK – including British nationals – must fill in a ”passenger locator” form, regardless of whether or not they need to quarantine.

The form asks travellers to provide their contact details and UK address.

If someone who is required to self-isolate does not provide an address, the government will arrange accommodation at the traveller’s expense.

For 14 days, starting from the day after arrival, people who are quarantining should not:

People returning from overseas will not be automatically eligible for statutory sick pay during this period, unless they meet the required conditions – such as displaying coronavirus symptoms.

The rules are complicated if you enter a UK nation which doesn’t require you to quarantine, but then travel to another part of the UK that does within 14 days.

The measures apply to visitors to Scotland ”irrespective of their point of entry into the UK,” the government says.

If you travel to Wales, you will need to isolate for up to 14 days, minus the number of days you have already spent in the UK.

You don’t have to fill in a new passenger locator form but must update any relevant information, including the address you will be staying at.

The government has warned travellers that breaking quarantine rules is a criminal offence, and that they face a fine and potentially a criminal record.

Those not self-isolating when they are supposed to can be fined £1,000 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, or £480 in Scotland. Fines in England for persistent offenders have doubled to £10,000.

People can be fined up to £3,200 in England if they do not provide accurate contact details, or £1,920 in Wales.

There is also a fine of £100 for not filling in the passenger locator form.

One in five eligible passengers will be called or texted to check they are following the rules.

You don’t need to self-isolate if you drive through a non-exempt country, as long as you don’t stop in the country to get out of the car and no-one else gets in.

If you are on public transport, you are exempt from quarantine if no new passengers get on while in the non-exempt country and no passenger mixes with people outside or enters a public space at a stop.

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