There will be a tax hike on second homes in Wales to help raise £13m for social housing, it has been announced.
The move is part of the Welsh Government’s budget for 2021-22.
The changes to land transaction tax – the Welsh version of stamp duty – come in to force from Tuesday.
It will see second home-owners paying a 4% levy on properties up to £180,000, rising to 16% for homes worth at least £1.6m.
The budget announcement from Finance Minister Rebecca Evans comes just two days after Wales entered the latest coronavirus lockdown.
She has said the budget would mean “difficult choices” as extra Covid-19 funding dries up.
While Wales received an extra £5bn in funding from the UK government this year to deal with the pandemic, this will fall to £766m, in 2021-2022.
Opposition parties have said Wales needs a Covid-19 recovery plan.
But Ms Evans said the budget’s “progressive measures will support our businesses, economy and boost our funding for public services in the wake of the crisis”.
“As we plan for our first steps beyond the pandemic, this budget is designed to protect health and our economy, build a greener future and create change for a more prosperous, more equal, and a greener Wales,” she said on Monday.
As part of the measures outlined in the budget, there will be an extra £420m for health and social services.
The government said it was delivering an additional £176m for local authorities to support schools, social services and other services responding to the pandemic.
It includes a £10m boost to the Social Care Grant for front-line staff, taking the fund to £50m.
Other headlines outlined in the plans include:
The government has also pledged additional funds for young people and education, with £20m to support growing further education numbers, and £9.4m for community and school mental health services.
There will be £8.3m to drive the reform of the education curriculum in Wales.
Ms Evans also announced an “initial Covid response package” of £77m to provide essentials such as free school meals, and to ensure contact tracing is extended next year.
The finance minister said: “Despite the most challenging circumstances we have ever faced as a government, I am proud to announce a budget that delivers on our values and provides sound foundations for the next administration.
“While like-for-like funding per person in Wales remains below 2010 levels, our priorities will steer a course for stability, protecting what matters most and creating the change that is essential to a good recovery.”
Wales’ core budget is about £15bn, half of which is spent on health.
Core funding is due to grow next year by almost £700m.
Officials said the unpredictability of the virus, the economic impact of lockdowns and the uncertain outcome of Brexit make it difficult to know whether the government’s funding will be enough.
Most of the budget comes directly from the Treasury in London, but around 17% is raised through devolved taxes.
Conservative shadow finance minister Nick Ramsay said despite extra money coming from Westminster, the Welsh Government still has £1.8bn unspent in its current budget.
“We want to see a budget which ends the underfunding of our young people,” he said.
“We need a budget which works to tackle the waiting lists in our Welsh NHS. Waiting lists which doubled in the year before the pandemic hit and have since gone up eight times as much.
But Plaid Cymru finance spokesman Rhun ap Iorwerth called for more money to be given by the UK government.
“The block grant allocated to Wales by Westminster is wholly inadequate to meet the unprecedented challenges facing our nation.
“During this pandemic, inequality has shown itself to be widespread in Welsh communities.
“Urgent action is needed to rebalance our economy, to lift children out of poverty, and to recognise the essential contribution of our front-line workers.”